Reducing the number of single occupancy vehicles on the road can significantly reduce a community's traffic congestion and emission levels. To overcome this challenge, alternative commuting incentives are a way to increase participation and overall environmental impacts by reducing the real and perceived costs associated with giving up single-driver vehicles.
General travel allowance
Targeted and specific allowance programs:
Flexible use of allowances for services provided by many different operators:
Commute management and government incentives can take the following forms:
Commuter programs can have widespread effects, as they reduce the number of vehicles on the road, improve community connections by encouraging neighbors and workers to carpool, and conserve greenspace by reducing the need for new parking spaces. The many varieties of alternative commute programs make it easy for businesses/local governments to build a program that will meet the needs of major stakeholders.
Choosing the right program can require time and effort to research the available options and stakeholder needs. Financing the project can also be difficult if the business or organization has a limited budget.
Environmental benefits include reducing greenhouse gas emissions through a reduction of vehicle miles traveled and a decreased need for construction of parking lots. Economic benefits also include a decreased need for construction of parking lots, as well as an overall decrease in commuter parking fees. Alternative commute programs also save workers time and money by shortening their commute time and reducing their trips to the gas station.
Human Resources Departments, Transit Agencies, Finance Departments.
The costs involved with an alternative commute program depend on the scope of the program. Costs can include purchasing vehicles, salaries of new employees hired to implement the program, financial benefits offered to employees and others.