Cycle promotion in a sloping city – the case study of Lausanne - 500 m difference in elevation

פורסם: 9 באוג׳ 2010, 5:41 על ידי: Sustainability Org   [ עודכן 9 באוג׳ 2010, 5:48 ]
Abstract of a presentations in Velo-city 2010, Copenhagen

Authors: Jean-Christophe Boillat
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Cycle use as a means of transportation is usually associated with flat cities. In sloping cities the bicycle is commonly seen as exhausting, inappropriate or even dangerous. Given these preconceptions, the city of Lausanne (372m – 900m over sea level) would appear to be a nightmare for cyclists. However great efforts have been made by the local authorities to promote cycle use, and they are paying off: cycle use is up more than 50% since 2002. What factors drove the success of the authorities’ efforts? Is this replicable? --and if so, what are the key steps in the process?

In this contribution we will learn about the history of the bicycle in Lausanne and see that cycle was once commonly used (the first “velociped regulation” dates from 1895!). After WWII, with the massive shift to car transportation, cycling almost disappeared. However, since late 1990’s the use of cycle has been increasing again thanks to new cycle paths, electric bicycles promotion, new cycle lobbies and new kind of services (cycle messengers, bike sharing, cycle police, etc.)

This presentation will deal with the planning tools that were set up in the 1990s. In that document intermodality between cycling for east-west trips and public transport for south-north trips is a key factor. This was put into practice in 2008 with the opening of the metro m2 offering a connection from Geneva Lake (372m) to the top of the city. In 2009 the first bike sharing system of Switzerland opened in the Lausanne-Morges area, offering another opportunity in the travel sequence.

The aim of this contribution is to emphasize the general guidelines that are necessary to develop cycle use in a sloping city like Lausanne. We will also determinate if some measures are reproducible or not in other hilly or sloping cities.

This talk will be divided into the following aspects:
- History and evolution of cycling in Lausanne (old texts, pictures, interviews, planning documents, cycle monitoring)
- Measures taken by the local authorities from 1990’s up to now (infrastructure development, “pedelec” promotion, intermodality, use of elevators, cycling maps)
- Potential future developments (planned infrastructures such as bicycle bridges or tunnels, promoting folding bicycles, bike sharing development, electronic mapping etc.)