Innovative Bicycle Facilities

פורסם: 10 באפר׳ 2010, 1:03 על ידי: Sustainability Org
These top new ideas may soon hit a street near you
By Christine Mattheis
Gear giveaways
Last year, Albuquerque cops began stashing bike lights in their squad cars and doling them out to cyclists who were riding without illumination at night. Cyclists must make a no-brainer decision on the spot: get a ticket or accept the free gift.

Bicycle boulevards
Picture lightly traveled side streets optimized for cyclists. Instead of painted bike lanes, the boulevards discourage motor-vehicle cut-through traffic, reduce the speed of cars to that of cyclists and, in some cases, use barriers to divert non-local traffic to main thoroughfares. Long Beach is creating them now; Tucson city officials hope boulevards will one day circle the whole city.

Closed-streets events
Streets in downtown Bogota, Colombia, have been closed to motorists on Sundays for its ciclovia event for years. Several American cities have adopted the practice, allowing only bicycle and pedestrian traffic at designated times. Phoenix's events drew 75,000 people-one in 20 residents-in its first year; other cities are seeing similar success.

Bicycle traffic lights
In Portland, a signal directs two-wheeled traffic through dangerous intersections connected to bike paths with bicycle-shaped red, amber and green lights. Cyclists activate the light by placing their wheels on a bike-shaped signal on the ground, then cross the intersection diagonally.

Bike boxes
A bike box allows riders to pull in front of waiting traffic at an intersection. The 14-foot-wide green rectangles sit behind crosswalks and are often paired with bike lanes. San Francisco painted its first box in January; they've been on Portland and New York streets since 2008.

Widespread bike parking
Minneapolis is far ahead of the curve, with more than 15,000 bicycle parking spaces-430 spots for every 10,000 residents. The next-best are Austin, with 96 per 10,000 people, and Tucson with 69.

Bike stations
For an annual membership of about $100, cyclists in cities including Washington, DC and Seattle have access to 24-hour secured bicycle parking, changing rooms, basic repair assistance, maps and more.

Bike reuse
Since 2008, the town of Collingswood, New Jersey, has revived the lives of bikes via an innovative program that uses bikes that were donated or picked up by the police and never reclaimed. For $25 a year, residents "rent" a donated or abandoned bike that's been refurbished by volunteers. Members keep the bikes at home, but can swap rides-say a road bike for a mountain bike-for free. The city hired a 23-year-old part time to run it, and he brought in all his friends as volunteer wrenches (maintenance work is also free).

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